The debate between cats and dogs has always been maddening for dog and cat lovers. Dogs are considered more intelligent because of their social skills and training. They have larger brains than cats, but brain size doesn’t predict intelligence.
While pet owners have loads of data to prove that cats are smarter than dogs or the other way around, there’s little scientific evidence to back up those claims.
Simply looking at the structure of the animals’ brains reveals a lot about their intelligence.
Cats’ brains account for about 0.9 percent of their body mass, whereas dogs’ brains make up 1.2 percent of their body mass. Cats are solitary hunters and able to understand how things work in the world without being trained to do anything.
Dog are capable of being trained and working alongside humans.
What about problem-solving? There are two problems. One being that cats fail at problem-solving tests often which leads us to conclude that dogs may be smarter…until we consider that cats are just a lot harder to motivate. Cats are prone to learning how to open doors because they tend toward independent problem-solving. Dogs solve problems too, but being social animals, they tend towards a different technique. From this point of view, it makes sense for the dog not to bother opening doors, since his hooman is excellent at taking care of everything!
Cats are smart predators and can independently .solve problems without training. They’re not as easily trained as dogs, they’re trained for a better behaviour. Learning capacity in dogs is likely a result of their social structure. They’re always coded to “obey” their owners.
There is a lot of uniqueness in intelligence within the dog species due to selective breeding which has been seen more in dogs. Whether the dog is smarter or the cat is a mystery science is yet to unravel!